Machine Learning vs Deep Learning: What's the difference?

Machine Learning vs Deep Learning: What’s the difference?

12 mins read

When it comes to machine learning, the terms machine learning and deep learning are often used interchangeably by many people who should really know better. The biggest difference between the two isn’t one of approach or technology; it’s actually a difference in scope.

This article takes you through some of the key of what is machine learning and what is deep learning and also machine learning vs ai ways that machine learning and deep learning differ, so you can better understand what you might need from either of these kinds of systems based on your own unique needs as an organization.

A bit about machine learning

Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence that enables computers to learn from data without being explicitly programmed. In other words, machine learning algorithms automatically improve given more data. Contrast this with deep learning, which is focused on neural networks (a form of A.I.) and requires human input in order to be effective.

An example of how this difference can manifest itself is Facebook’s use of AI-powered facial recognition software to find you in pictures posted by friends.

The company employs face detection technology, which looks for faces within an image and then uses one or more sophisticated techniques for facial recognition. However, these methods do not work well if you’re wearing glasses or have an unusual hairstyle—or if your friend has cropped your face out of the picture.

To combat these issues, Facebook uses machine learning techniques to recognize patterns and make educated guesses about what part of the image contains your face; so if it thinks it found your face it will prompt you to confirm whether or not it actually has detected you correctly before tagging you in the photo.

A bit about deep learning

Deep learning is a subset of machine learning that uses artificial neural networks to model high-level abstractions in data. By doing so, deep learning can enable computers to automatically learn and improve on tasks without being explicitly programmed to do so. In recent years, deep learning has led to breakthroughs in various fields such as computer vision, natural language processing, and robotics.

One such application includes AlphaGo, an AI program developed by Google’s DeepMind team which was able to beat one of the world’s best players at Go – an ancient Chinese board game considered far more complex than chess.

Achieving this milestone required an enormous amount of computational power and could not have been achieved just using old techniques from traditional machine learning like support vector machines or decision trees.

What you need to know if you’re new to ML and DL

If you’re new to the world of machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL), you might be wondering what the difference is between these two exciting fields of study.

Here’s a quick rundown: ML is a subfield of artificial intelligence (AI) that focuses on teaching computers to learn from data. DL, on the other hand, is a subset of ML that deals with training algorithms to learn in a way that mimics the workings of the human brain. One key feature of this type of AI is its ability to recognize patterns and identify structures in large datasets.

Whereas traditional ML systems take in a dataset and analyze it for signals, DL starts by looking at the entire dataset for patterns before analyzing any signals within it. For example, whereas an image classification algorithm would look for animals in photos, a DL system would look for animal shapes among the pixels.

In general, ML is less computationally expensive than DL because DL needs to run through more steps to get results while both rely on neural networks as their computational backbone.

There are also differences in how each technology models information–while traditional machine learning models usually deal with numbers or sets of words that can be classified as belonging or not belonging to certain categories (e.g., spam filters), deep learning takes input from audio and visual inputs and produces meaningful outputs such as categorizing videos into cat versus dog types of videos.

Questions about ML/DL?

When it comes to machine learning and deep learning, there is a lot of confusion about the difference between the two. Both are forms of artificial intelligence that are used to learn from data, but there are some key differences.

Here’s a look at some of the most common questions about machine learning and deep learning. The first question is what the primary difference between ML and DL is.

One major distinction is in the level of abstraction-machine learning algorithms work with individual features whereas deep learning algorithms work with high-level abstractions like scenes or faces.

A second big difference is how they deal with probability – ML works with flat (non-probabilistic) predictions while DL works with probabilistic predictions based on a distribution learned during training. DL also typically involves modeling hierarchies whereas ML does not involve hierarchies in general.

So, why should I care about ML/DL?

Deep learning is a subset of machine learning, and focuses on artificial neural networks. These are algorithms that are inspired by the brain, and can learn complex tasks by example. So, why should you care about deep learning?

Here are seven reasons why you should care about ML/DL:
Here are seven reasons why you should care about ML/DL:

1) ML/DL models are more accurate than their human counterparts

2) ML/DL models require less data to train

3) ML/DL models can analyze things like images and videos

4)ML/DL offers up new opportunities for discovery

5)ML/DL will make interactions with computers easier

6)There are more jobs available in the field of AI

7) The growth in this field means more innovations in technology The future looks bright!
But not everyone agrees that Machine Learning or Deep Learning is worth getting excited over.

Take Microsoft’s CEO Satya Nadella, who recently said at an event that he isn’t …long on A.I…. Why? He doesn’t believe it has practical uses yet, adding You as an individual won’t experience it because it is not ambient . . . It’ll be [in use] in very specialized areas.

Nadella doesn’t think we’re ready for Computer Vision yet (or true AI), but does acknowledge that it could benefit some industries such as healthcare.

So what can I do with ML/DL right now?

If you’re wondering what machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) can do for you right now, the answer is: quite a lot. Both ML and DL are hot topics in the tech world and are being used to create everything from self-driving cars to facial recognition software.

But what exactly is the difference between ML and DL? Machine learning algorithms learn from data with no predefined outputs or structures. It also deals with datasets that have missing information which can’t be predicted.

With DL, there is an output – meaning it uses neural networks as its main function of input data and an output that reflects the learned information. With these tools readily available at our fingertips, it seems like this technology will only grow more prevalent in the future!

Some cool resources…

There are a lot of different machine learning algorithms out there. And, with new deep learning architectures being proposed all the time, it can be hard to keep track of what’s what. So, in this post, we’re going to break down the differences between machine learning and deep learning.

First, let’s define each term. Machine learning is used for tasks like classification, regression, and clustering. It uses statistical methods to learn from past data and use that information to find patterns that help make predictions about future data points.

In contrast, deep learning is a type of machine learning technique where an artificial neural network is used for tasks like classification or regression.

One main difference between these two techniques is that ML is limited by how much data you have available whereas DL doesn’t require as much data input at first so it has more potential for growth and better generalization capabilities than ML alone.

DL also usually takes longer to train than ML so that’s something else you’ll want to consider before using one over the other… machine learning vs deep learning vs ai.


If you’re interested in pursuing a career in data science, you’ve probably heard of both machine learning and deep learning.

But what’s the difference between the two? The most notable distinction is that deep learning requires much more time to train neural networks than machine learning. For example, it takes approximately three months to train an image recognition system using deep learning techniques like convolutional neural networks (CNNs).

CNNs work by processing digital images at multiple levels of abstraction before extracting any meaningful information from them. Machine learning vs deep learning examples.

On the other hand, with traditional machine-learning techniques like linear regression or logistic regression, it can take up to ten minutes to train an image recognition system from scratch.

However, these differences are usually only significant when working with large datasets such as whole images for image recognition systems. With small datasets such as text document classification systems, both methods are relatively fast and accurate. So which should you use?


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